The Queen's Staircase is a steep staircase that was carved out of limestone by slaves between 1773 and 1774 using axes and other sharp hand tools.
According to one legend, the 65 steps (originally 66) were carved into the 102-foot high solid limestone cliff to honor Queen Victoria’s sixty-five year reign. However, that legend makes no sense because Queen Victoria wasn't born until 1819.
The Queen's Staircase was built to provide British troops a protected route to Fort Fincastle which was built on the highest point of the island as a lookout by the British captain Lord Dunmore in 1793. The Queen's Staircase and Fort Fincastle were built to protect New Providence from marauders and pirates. However, none ever attacked.